Styloniscus mauritiensis (Barnard, 1936)
GB IUCN status: Not applicable (non-native)
The pygmy woodlice of family Styloniscidae (and Trichoniscidae) are readily distinguished from other woodlice by the shape of the antennal fagellum which comprises a tapered cone (of indistinct segments) bearing a terminal bristle.
Styloniscus mauritiensis is a small (females to 3.25 mm body length), reddish species, with a tuberculate body and an eye composed of three ommatidia. However, there are other similar species, such as Cordioniscus stebbingi and S. spinosus occurring in heated glasshouses.
Identification should be based on a male specimen. A brief description, with figures, is given by Gregory & Lugg (2018).
Originally known from Royal Botanic Gardens Edinburgh where specimens were collected within peat inside plant pots in a heated glasshouse in 1986 (Collis & Harding, 2007). It was refound there in 2015 during the BMIG field meeting and, subsequently, at a few other tropical glasshouses in England and Wales.
Styloniscus mauritiensis favours damp peaty substrates, being found among peat in pots, among peaty debris on capillary matting on glasshouse staging, in damp peaty debris within a rotting palm stump and under dead wood lying or peaty soil.
In 'the wild' S. mauritiensis is known from the islands of Hawaii and Mauritius.
This account is based on Gregory & Lugg (2018).
Gregory, S.J. & Lugg, K. (2018) Styloniscus mauritiensis (Barnard) – an overlooked woodlouse of tropical glasshouses new for England and Wales (Isopoda, Oniscidea: Styloniscidae). Bulletin of the British Myriapod & Isopod Group 30: 26-32.