Porcellio laevis Latreille, 1804
- GB IUCN status: Least Concern
- GB rarity status: Nationally Scarce
Porcellio laevis is a large woodlouse (to 20 mm body length), but differs from other Porcellio spp. in having a smooth dorsal surface. In the male the uropods are elongated and 'spear-shaped'. The combination of two flagella segments and two pairs of pleopodal lungs (typical of all Porcellio spp) distinguishes it from Oniscus asellus.
Although never common, Porcellio laevis was widely recorded across Britain and Ireland through out the 20th Century. However, there seem to be very few modern records, and although probably under-recorded it does seem to have undergone a dramatic decline throughout the 20th century (Harding, 2016). There are just a handful of post-2000 records.
It is principally associated with synanthropic habitats, such as old mature gardens, stables or dairy farms.
It should be sought within well-rotted compost heaps and dung heaps or under pieces of manure, straw and other debris, wherever some moisture has been retained. Typically, it is associated with Porcellionides pruinosus and Porcellio scaber (and even P. dilatatus at some sites).
This summary is based on the detailed account in Gregory (2009).