Trichoniscus pygmaeus Sars, 1898

Common name

Least Pygmy Woodlouse

Status

GB IUCN status: Least Concern

Identification

One of our smallest woodlice, reaching 2.5mm, and often confused with juveniles of other species. T. pygmaeus is usually pale pinkish-yellowish in colour, but characteristically the head appears almost white, contrasting with the body pigments. As other Trichoniscus spp. the eye is composed of three black ommatidia and it has a smooth body surface. All pigments are retained in alcohol. 

In juvenile T. pusillus s.l. the head is speckled with pigment to match the body colour.  Trichoniscoides spp. and juvenile Androniscus dentiger have the body covered in tubercles and eyes comprising a single ommatidium.

J.P. Richards
J.P. Richards
Keith Lugg
Christian Owen

Distribution and Habitat

Although common throughout Britain and Ireland, it is under-recorded in many areas.  It occurs wherever there are suitable friable soil conditions, including semi-natural grasslands, woodlands and coastal (supralittoral) habitats, and synanthropic sites such as churchyards, disused quarries and railway cuttings. 

Searching the underside of large stones or dead wood partially embedded into soil is the simplest way to find this species.  It is typically associated with other soil-dwelling trichoniscids, including Androniscus dentiger, Haplophthalmus spp. and Trichoniscoides spp. 

Reference

Gregory, S. (2009) Woodlice and Waterlice (Isopoda: Oniscidea & Asellota) in Britain and Ireland.  Field Studies Council/Centre for Ecology & Hydrology.

idBmigTaxa

72

BRC Code

Cru_1729